Learn more about the medical terms and abbreviations you may see on this website.
The misuse or overuse of anything.
A prolonged, uncontrollable need for a habit-forming substance that can cause physical symptoms upon withdrawal and the person continues use of the substance despite adverse consequences.
A molecule that attaches to, and activates, a cellular receptor.
An agonist that produces the maximum response possible when attached to a cellular receptor.
An agonist that produces a lower response than a full agonist when attached to a cellular receptor. An important characteristic of partial agonists is that they can reduce the effects of full agonists. Buprenorphine, one of the two active ingredients in SUBOXONE Film, is a partial opioid agonist.
A molecule that attaches to a cellular receptor and can block the effect of an agonist.Back to top
A medical condition that persists over a long time, usually lasting longer than 3 months.
An overwhelming, persistent impulse to perform a certain action.
The intense desire for an object or experience (eg. drugs or alcohol).Back to top
When the person stops taking a drug and withdrawal symptoms occur.Back to top
The first phase of medication-assisted treatment when medication (eg, buprenorphine) is given to ease a person's withdrawal symptoms. Induction usually lasts about a week.
Drug delivery through insertion of a needle into a vein.Back to top
The phase of treatment when the person is taking a stable dose and working with a healthcare provider or counselor to focus on other issues affecting his or her recovery.
Using or containing more than one dose.Back to top
A chronic medical condition affecting the brain that involves a physical, psychological, and behavioral need for an opioid drug.
A drug that contains opium or comes directly from it and has sedative or narotic effects similar to those of opium. Morphine and codeine are opiates.
A drug, also known as a narcotic, that comes from the opium plant, or can also be produced in a synthetic form. Opioids are prescribed to treat pain but also carry the potential for drug dependence. Opioids include some prescription painkillers, such as oxycodone and hydrocodone. Buprenorphine, methadone, and heroin are also opioids.
When a drug is taken in greater than normal or recommended quantities, which can cause serious, harmful symptoms or even death.Back to top
The body's response when drug use is reduced or stopped, resulting in withdrawal signs and symptoms.
A compulsion to use and keep using a substance despite harmful effects, and accompanied by a craving for its psychological effects.Back to top
Distorted thinking about one’s irrational behavior that makes it seem reasonable.
A setback after a time of improvement.
When lungs stop functioning properly and they are unable to deliver enough oxygen to the blood or to clear carbon dioxide (a waste gas) from the blood. Organs such as the brain and heart need oxygen to work well.Back to top
Something that detracts from the character or reputation of a person or group; a symbol of disgraceBack to top
To gradually decrease.
A decrease in response to a drug dose that occurs with continued use. For example, individuals who have become tolerant to opioids such as heroin or morphine require greater doses of these drugs to achieve the same effects originally produced by lower doses.Back to top
Packaging that contains individual doses to avoid medication error.Back to top